Summary of achievements

The success of the project in its contribution to the development of standards for security for third generation mobile communications (UMTS) exceeded the requirements of the partners and the hopes and expectations of the participants themselves.  There is considerable satisfaction in the impact that has been made and in the recognition of this achievement. 

Having established a position of some standing in ETSI and 3GPP, members of the project went on to make important contributions to other associated areas concerning standards for security in applications execution and communication environments. 

Further, the active liaison work by USECA participants has ensured the global adoption of USECA results.  The project contributed a large part of the standards material for this field, and has responded flexibly to the changing requirements and timescales of the body that is now representing the global industry. 

The project carried out a very valuable and successful revision and restructuring of the existing input to the standards on security threats and requirements; the resulting document now provides the basis for further work by 3GPP in this field. 

An extensive review of existing member state law pertaining to the use of security facilities provides a most useful foundation for further legislative and regulatory development and harmonisation of community law.  

The investigation of requirements for security mechanisms was contributed to the requirements work above. Analysis of authentication and key agreement proposals led to the development of the mechanism adopted by 3GPP. The project was also responsible for the mechanisms for synchronization of ciphering in UMTS, mechanisms for interoperation with GSM and proposals for interoperation with ANSI systems.

Following some delays due to priorities within standards body, the project has provided an initial work on the use of public key in the mobile application domain and in the provider and core networks domains – e.g. for support of key management between nodes.

Following work on establishing security and hardware requirements, the project has successfully specified the design and procedure for UMTS USIM which was subsequently prototyped and built into a demonstrator of a UMTS terminal.  The requirements work covered the needs of mobile terminal security, the implications of which have been analysed and new facilities proposed in response.

To conclude, the project is by a long way the most significant contributor to the development of 3rd generation security standards.  It has amply achieved its original objectives, and is proof of the value of funded collaborative research in this area.

The project achieved a great deal, exceeding initial objectives in terms of influence on and contributions to standards organizations.  In view of their perception of the success and usefulness of the USECA work, most of the USECA participants have gone on to collaborate, with new partners, in further advances in security for mobile tele­communications in the Framework 5 IST project SHAMAN.